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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/921


    Title: 論我國商標法對著名地方特色產業之保護
    Authors: 何姿穎
    Contributors: 財經法律系研究所
    Keywords: 地方特色產業;地理標示;一鄉鎮一特產;產地證明標章;產地團體商標;日本傳產法;歐盟傳統特產保證制度;local special industries;geographical indications;One Town One Product;geographical certification marks;geographical collective marks;Japan’s Densan Act;the EU’s TSG system
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:57:41 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 財經法律系研究所
    Abstract: 我國歷史悠久且具有豐富多樣的自然環境,符合塑造地方特色產業之條件,除經歷長久時間發展而來者外,自民國78年起,我國即開始進行「一鄉鎮一特產」運動,因此,形成許多在地歷史性、文化性、獨特性或唯一性與依賴當地特殊自然環境生成等特質的地方產業。根據經濟部統計,我國著名產業產地共有346項,這些地方特色產業之存在反映了當地特殊歷史、文化、風俗、習慣或氣候、地形、土壤、海拔等人文背景或自然環境,其不但具有傳承地方文化或技藝之功能外,也是地方經濟及社會穩定的支柱,並在全球貿易自由化下,能提供在地就業機會,使青年人口回流,繁榮當地經濟,達到挑戰全球市場之終極目標,成為國家經濟之後盾,是重振地方經濟不可或缺之角色。故,對我國而言,地方特色產業相當重要,有提供其保護之必要。由於地理標示與地方特色產業之特性共通,本文以地理標示之角度探討產地及地方特色產業之保護。目前我國地方特色產業,包含地方特色產品及地方特色服務業,獲得保障之主要途徑為註冊產地證明標章及產地團體商標。然而,並非所有地方特色產業都能達到受產地標章保護之水準,例如花蓮麻糬、社頭襪子及五股家具等,且此類地方特色產業多為由人文因素所形成者,但有鑑於地方特色產業之經濟及文化價值,對於無法受到產地標章保護之地方特色產業,本文認為仍應提供其積極保障。日本傳產法以「於一定地域形成產地」為條件,透過「傳統證紙」商標保護地方特色工藝品;歐盟傳統特產保證制度則明確訂定符合傳統特產之要件者,專有名稱使用權及排除名稱不當使用權,保護傳統農特產及食品,兩者於實行上效果顯著。故,於參考上述制度後,本文認為我國應以專法建立類似制度,明訂「於一定地域形成產地」或「在特定地域為服務提供地」為保護要件,區分農產品及食品、地方特色工藝品與服務三種不同之保護客體,分別提供類似於傳產法或傳統特產保證制度之保護,使未能受產地標章保護之地方特色產業能直接獲得保障。
    Taiwan has a long history, rich and varied natural environment, which meets the conditions of shaping the local special industries. With developing for a long time and the government carrying out "One Town One Product " movement since 1989, there are at least 346 well-known local industries in our country. They can not only inherit the local culture or traditional skills but also help stabilize the local economy and society. In short, they play an indispensable role to revive and prosper the local economy. Hence, it is necessary to provide them with protection. Due to the common characteristics of geographical indications (GIs) and local special industries, the author dicusses the protection of the origins and the local special industries in the view of GIs. Currently, the main approach to local special industries (including products and service) protection in our country is to register the geographical certification/collective marks. However, not all of them can meet the requirements of the geographical marks, such as Hualien Mochi, Shetou hosiery and Wugu furniture, etc. Mostly, such local special industries are formed by the human factors. In the light of the economic and cultural values of local special industries, the author considers that it is still necessary to provide positive protection for these kinds of local special industries.Japan’s Densan Act protects local special crafts through Densan mark, which aquires the crafts to meet the condition of "becoming origin in a certain region". The EU’s TSG system protects the traditional specialities which include agricultural products and foodstuffs. As long as a product meets the requirements of the traditional specialty, it will be provided with the exclusive right to use the name and the right against any practice liable to mislead the consumer. Both systems have made great success. Therefore, the author concludes that our country should establish a similar legal system, stipulating the requirement of "becoming origin in a certain region" or "providing service in a certain region" so that the local special agricultural products, foodstuffs, crafts and service which can not meet the requirements of the geographical marks will be provided with a direct protection.
    Appears in Collections:[財經法律系研究所] 學位論文

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