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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/908


    Title: 刑法因果歸責的探討;Discussing Causal Attribution in the Criminial Law
    Authors: 蔡榮祥;Tsai, Jung-Hsiang
    Contributors: 財經法律學系碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 事實因果;因果關係;必要原因;充分原因;因果歸責論;factual causation;causality;necessary conditions;sufficient conditions;casual attribution theory
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:56:54 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 財經法律學系碩士在職專班
    Abstract: 本文的研究問題是歸責的過程中,個案事實所發生的因果關係與刑法評價規範之間的關係為何?刑法可以直接經由建構的評價體系理論來歸咎行為人的行為,還是其必須根據特定個案所發生的因果關係加以衡量和檢驗,才能合理的評價?本文的結論有四點。第一、先客後主。法律評價應該先討論客觀的事實行為,再討論主觀的故意或過失。不能先主後客,先討論主觀的故意,再討論客觀的事實行為。因為先主後客會使得以主觀層次的分析反而取代真實發生的客觀事實。第二、避免倒果為因。法律因果關係的分析必須先將原因或行為定性,不能從結果來倒推原因的不法,這樣會出現倒果為因的謬誤。第三、多重原因性的評價。法律的評價不能只評價單一行為和原因,必須考量原因和原因之間的連結或是造成原因行為的先前原因,否則會形成機械式的原因認定,認為只要出現該項原因,就會符合構成要件。第四、行為和構成要件之必須合致,如果不能合致時,則無法適用該構成要件,以避免任意擴張適用的問題。本文採取因果歸責論,運用必要原因和充分原因來分析事件的過程,企圖建構涵攝的規則來進行行為或結果的非價。關鍵字:事實因果、因果關係、必要原因、充分原因、因果歸責論
    The major question is what the relationship it is between the factual causation and the criminal code. Can the criminal code attribute culpability on the defendant by constructing its normative attribution theory or it can only reach reasonable judgment by examining the causality of each event? This thesis has reached four conclusions. First, we need to consider the objective facts before we comprehend the subjective levels such as intent or negligence. Second, we need to define the feature of any behavior first in order to avoid the fallacy of reversing cause and effect. Third, we need to focus on the equifinality which means any event can have multiple causes to bring about effects and consider the connection between related causes. Fourth, any culpable behavior has to meet the elements of the criminal code. If not, it is innocent. This thesis adopts the approach of causal attribution theory, applying necessary or sufficient conditions to explain the process of events, establishing some applicable principles to judge the act and harm. Keywords: factual causation, causality, necessary conditions, sufficient conditions, causal attribution theory.
    Appears in Collections:[財經法律系研究所] 學位論文

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