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    题名: 臺灣社會企業發展過程的探討:以臺南市3個培力就業計畫單位為例;Exploration of Social Enterprise Development Process in Taiwan:Cases Study of Three Empowerment Employment Program Units in Tainan City
    作者: 林宸滄;LIN, CHEN-CHANG
    贡献者: 勞工關係學系碩士在職專班
    关键词: 過程探討;非營利組織;社會企業;培力就業計畫;Process Exploration;Nonprofit organization;Social enterprise;Empowerment Employment Program
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2019-07-17 10:46:04 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 勞工關係學系碩士在職專班
    摘要: 「培力就業計畫」是行政院勞動部運用人力及經費補助非營利組織發展社會企業。政府政策將經費補助轉為促進人力運用與發展,將就業人力引進非營利組織,協助非營利組織解決組織人力運用問題,同時解決失業問題。透過此政策轉化,非營利組織也轉變發展創新的服務模式,與政府政策結合,將單純的社會問題解決模式,納入經濟產能與組織發展的創新經營模式。本研究選定對台南市正或曾執行「培力就業計畫」的3個單位,進行半結構式的深度訪談。從非營利組織的產業化、資源的投入、政府補助及經營管理層面去了解非營利組織發展社會企業的歷程。另也從各種資源如:人力、營運制度、與財務的影響,並針對社會企業的社會使命、經濟目標及其運作模式去探討非營利組織發展社會企業過程。主要發現如下: 一、非營利組織所發展之社會企業,是具有獨立經營的能力,但發現現階段並無法獨立自主營運,而與原組織呈現密不可分的現況。二、接受政府補助下的社會企業,發現單位還是過度依賴政府經費補助,應減少對政府補助的依賴及捐贈的不確定性。三、非營利組織經營社會企業,於財務上並非無法賺錢,發現大部分回饋於原有組織上,若要創造盈餘,所經營之社會企業需與原有組織進行財務之切割。四、對弱勢就業族群運用轉化及技能提升有所助益,但專業人才及管理人才普遍不足,以及需正視商品競爭及尋求差異化問題。關鍵字:社會企業、非營利組織、過程探討、培力就業計畫
    “Empowerment Employment Program” is Ministry of Labor of the Executive Yuan to use manpower and funds to subsidize nonprofit organizations to develop social enterprises, Government policy will be funded to promote the use of human resources and development, employment will be introduced to non-profit organizations to help non-profit organizations to solve the problem of human use, while addressing unemployment. Through this policy transformation, non-profit organizations also change the development of innovative service model, combined with government policies, will be a simple social problem-solving model, into the economic production and organizational development of innovative business model.The study selected semi-structured in-depth interviews with three units in Tainan City that were or were implementing the " Empowerment Employment Program" .From the non-profit organization's industrialization, resource investment, government subsidies and management level to understand the development of non-profit organizations, social enterprises. And also from the various resources such as: human, operating system, and financial impact, and social enterprises for the social mission, economic objectives and mode of operation to explore non-profit organizations to develop social enterprise process.Major findings are as below:1.The social enterprises developed by nonprofit organizations have the ability to operate independently, but they find that they can’t operate independently at present and are inextricably linked with the original organization.2.Acceptance of government subsidies under the social enterprises, found that units or over-reliance on government funding subsidies should reduce the dependence on government subsidies and donations of uncertainty.3.Nonprofit organizations operating social enterprises, not financially unable to make money, found that most of the feedback on the original organization, to create a surplus, the operation of the social enterprises to be with the original organization of financial cutting.4.The use of transformation and skills upgrading for disadvantaged groups, but the lack of professional and managerial talent, as well as the need to address commodity competition and seek differentiation.Keywords: Social enterprise, Nonprofit organization, Process Exploration, Empowerment Employment Program.
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