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    题名: 團體協約中約定職業安全衛生事項之研究;Study on the occupation safety and health matters stipulated in a collective agreement
    作者: 賴進順
    贡献者: 勞工關係學系碩士在職專班
    关键词: 職業安全衛生;集體協商;團體協約;職業災害;occupational safety and hygiene;collective bargaining;collective agreements;occupational hazards
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2019-07-17 10:46:00 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 勞工關係學系碩士在職專班
    摘要: 摘要 團體協約是雇主與工會,以對等立場所簽訂的書面契約。本研究以深度訪談法對產業界的勞、資雙方及主管機關、專家學者,四種對象訪問24 個單位,透過受訪者的經驗充分描述,蒐集受訪者對訪談內容主題之意見、價值觀的表達資料,以?議題歸納、分析勞資雙方在《團體協約法》中約定職業安全衛生事項。 研究結果為作業環境監測範圍縮小,非法定的物理性與化學性危害因子種類納入監測,健康檢查週期縮短、項目增加,達到零災害工時給予獎勵,執行公務至殘廢或死亡發給特別慰問金,增加投保意外險金額,增加廠醫廠護所需服務人力、降低服務人數比例。困難點為在團體協約架構下的協商平台鮮少討論職業安全衛生事項,對工會幹部專業度較高、勞雇雙方認知較不足。 政策面建議主管機關勞動部編制“簽訂團體協約參考手冊”關於職業安全衛生事項進一步增列加重,健康檢查、作業環境監測、推行職業安全衛生績優獎勵、勞工參與、職災補償、職災重建、廠醫廠護健康促進。執行面建議工會加強教育訓練並應主動提出團體協約將職業安全衛生事項納入進行協商。關鍵字:團體協約、集體協商、《職業安全衛生》、職業災害
    Abstract A collective agreement is a written contract signed by an employer and a labor union on an equal footing. This paper conducted in-depth interviews with 24 interviewees belonging to four types of subjects: industry labor, management, competent authorities, experts and scholars. After the respondents had fully described their experiences, I collected their opinions about the themes of the interview content and expressed data on value systems. Based on theme induction, I analyzed the occupational safety and hygiene items agreed by labor and management in the Collective Agreement Law. The research results showed that the relevant items included reducing the area of operational environment monitoring, inclusion of the monitoring of non-statutory physical and chemical hazard factors, shortening the cycle of physical examination, addition of physical examination items, rewarding employees for no occupational injury, offering consolation money for disability and death on duty, increasing the amount of accident insurance, increasing the number of factory doctors and nurses and lowering the ratio between the number of customers and the number of service staff. One of the difficulties is that there are few discussions about the occupational safety and hygiene items within the framework of the current collective agreements. Another difficulty is that high professionalism is demanded for the labor union cadre. The other difficulty is that there is not enough mutual recognition between labor and management. On the strategy side, I suggest that the competent authority Ministry of Labor Affairs should edit a reference handbook for signing collective agreements. It is important to further increase the number and the weights of the occupational safety and hygiene items: physical examination, operational environment monitoring, offering rewards for good performance on occupational safety and hygiene, participation of labor, compensation for occupational hazards, post-hazard occupational reconstruction and enhancing the health of factory doctors and nurses. On the execution side, a labor union should enhance educational training and proactively propose collective agreements for including the occupational safety and hygiene items for negotiation. Keywords: collective agreements; collective bargaining; occupational safety and hygiene; occupational hazards
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