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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/455


    Title: 標準鐵人三項參與者之涉入程度、基本心理需求與行為意圖之關係;The Relationship among Sport Involvement, Basic Psychological Needs, and Behavioral Intention in Triathlon.
    Authors: 廖庭逸;LIAO, TING-YI
    Contributors: 運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所
    Keywords: 計畫行為理論;自我決定理論;中介效果;theory of planned behavior;self-determination theory;mediating effect
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17
    Publisher: 運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所
    Abstract: 本研究目的主要了解標準鐵人三項參與者之涉入程度、基本心理需求及行為意圖關係。探討標準鐵人三項參與者基本心理需求在涉入程度與行為意圖間的中介效果。以台東國際鐵人三項賽與台東普悠瑪鐵人三項賽男性選手182名女性選手52名,共234名參與者為研究對象。以涉入程度量表、基本心理需求量表及行為意圖量表為施測工具,並以皮爾森績差相關分析以及階層迴歸分析進行考驗。研究結果顯示:一、標準鐵人三項參與者之涉入程度與基本心理需求及行為意圖三個變項間具有相關性。二、標準鐵人三項參與者之基本心理需求在涉入程度與行為意圖中間具有部分中介效果。三、將基本心理需求三個因素分別探討時,勝任感因素並未達到中介的效果,自主性與關係感在涉入程度及行為意圖間,則呈現部分中介的效果。為提升標準鐵人三項選手對於未來參與鐵人三項運動的意圖,除涉入程度是重要的影響因素外,在訓練或比賽過程,如能改善其心理基本需求,尤其是自主性及關係感的改善,對其參與意圖也會有強化的效果。
    Firstly, this study aims to understand the relationship among sport involvement, basic psychological needs, and behavioral intention of standard triathlon athletes, and secondly, to discuss and explore the mediation effect of basic psychological needs between sport involvement and behavioral intention of standard triathlon athletes. Participants were recruited from Taitung International Triathlon and Taitung Puyuma Triathlon, including 182 males and 52 females in total. Sport involvement inventory, basic psychological needs scale, and behavioral intention inventory were applied as the measurements to test their relationships by a Pearson product-moment correlation and hierarchical regression. The results revealed that sport involvement, basic psychological needs, and behavioral intention were correlated to each other. Second, the mediating effect was found that basic psychological needs partially mediated the relationship between sport involvement and behavioral intention. Furthermore, the factors of basic psychological needs including competence, autonomy and relatedness revealed only autonomy and relatedness had partially mediating effects between sport involvement and behavioral intention. In order to enhance triathletes’ intention of participating triathlon, sport involvement has played a critical role. Moreover, trying to improve triathletes’ basic psychological needs, especially autonomy and relatedness, during training and competition may also strengthen their intention of paticipation.
    Appears in Collections:[運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所] 學位論文

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