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    题名: 成群結伴─近代中國的女子社團;Together─The Female Groups in Modern China
    作者: 侯淑娟;HOU, SHU-CHUAN
    贡献者: 歷史系研究所
    关键词: 女子參政同志會;共愛會;中國女學會;天津女界愛國同志會;女子社團;婦女部;Women 's Political Participation;Shared Love Group;Chinese Women 's Society;Tianjin Women 's Patriotic Association;Female Groups;Ministry of Women
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2019-07-17
    出版者: 歷史系研究所
    摘要: 本文主要探討晚清到民國時期的女子社團,透過女子社團的成立背景、宗旨、成員、地點來分析女子社團在近代扮演的重要角色。除了探討女子社團,最重要的是利用歷史地理方法來剖析女子社團和女性成員的地理分布位置,以此來構築女子社團的成立與地理位置之間的關係。章節的安排除了第一章的緒論和第五章的結論,其餘的三章,分別為萌芽─晚清的女子社團(1895~1911)、國勢動盪下的發展─民國肇建到五四時期的女子社團(1912~1924)、追求國家的統一─廣州國民政府時期的女子社團(1925~1926)。透過長時間的觀察來建構近代女子社團的發展與歷史地理之間的關聯性。 晚清時期的女子社團處於萌芽階段,女子社團的分布大致分為國內和國外,國內以上海為主,國外以日本東京為主,社團成立的位置與政治和政策有很大關係,同時也受到女學的影響。民國至五四時期,女學蓬勃發展,女性受教育機會增加,女子社團的數量也達到最高峰,分布的位置係根據地理位置開港的先後與西化的風氣密切相關,該時期的女性性格較為鮮明,為了女性解放和利益會不顧一切去爭取。廣州國民政府時期,由於國民黨致力於國家統一工作,各地女子社團統一由婦女部統合,較不具獨立性,女性的聲音逐漸沉寂下來,但該時期的貢獻是女子社團的分布已逐漸從沿海延伸到內陸。
    The essay is mainly discussing the female groups from the Late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China time through the estblishment background, the purpose, members, location to analyze the important characters in female groups in modern time. Besides talking about female groups, the most important thing is to use the method of history and geogrphy to analyze the location female groups and members. It is to connect the relationship between the estblishment of female groups and location. Aside from the introduction of chapter one and the conclusion of chapter five, the other three chapters are Budding─The female groups in the Late Qing Dynasty(1895~1911), The situation under chaotic country─The newly estblishment of female groups from the Republic of China time to the Fourth Movement(1912~1924), To pursue the unity of the country─the female groups Guangzhou National government(1925~1926). Throughout the long time observation to connect the relationship between the progress of modern female groups and the history and geogrphy. In the Late Qing Dynasty, the female groups are in budding, the female groups mainly located in domestic and the other, most of them located in Shanghai and Tokyo. The location where the groups estblished is greatly related to political and policy, along with the influence of the education for women. From the Republic of China time to the Fourth Movement, the chance for women to receive education was rising by the vigorous progress of the influence of the education for women. The member of the female groups was hitting the top, the locations are according to the time the location where opened port and the western culture. The characterestic of the women in that time stood out for the relese and profit for the women at any cost. In Guangzhou National government, because Kuomintang was devoted the work of the unity of the country, the female groups all over the country were combined by the Ministry of Women, less independant, the affect of women was weakening. However, the contribution from that time is that the location of the female groups was progressly extending from coastal from inland.
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