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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/936


    Title: 公司重整制度-以重整計畫為中心;Corporation Reorganization - Focus on Reorganization Plan
    Authors: 李芃諭;LI, PENG-YU
    Contributors: 財經法律系研究所
    Keywords: 公司重整;重整計劃;美國破產法;重整;法人重整;破產法第11章;reorganization;Chapter 11;reorganization plan;The?American Bankruptcy Law;corporate reorganization
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:57:46 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 財經法律系研究所
    Abstract: 我國對於公司聲請重整之固有印象,通常是挽救經營或財務有困難企業的最後手段之一。因為我國大多為中小企業,當公司負債大於資產,向法院聲請公司重整時,通常法院會考慮再生重整後,即使重整計畫順利執行,也可能因獲利能力不足清償債務之虞,而被法院駁回,因此我國公司重整成功的案例在法院實務上並不多見。然而相較於我國,美國卻有不少公司自願申請破產保護,藉由破產的保護來與債權人進行協商。這樣的觀點,的確非常的有趣,因為瀕臨財務困難的公司,若直接申請破產,任其倒閉,對於債務人固然為不利的結果,但對於債權人亦非有利。蓋債權人不一定能得到全額的債權清償,甚至欲獲得較高比例之清償也是十分困難。因此,債務人若能藉由申請破產保護來使債權人與其協商,達到公司經由重整而再生,債權人的債權亦可能獲得清償之雙贏局面。一件法人申請重整案件,影響是否被法院核駁的因素,除了本身的資產及負債情況外,重整計畫的提出、執行可能性、被債權人認可的情況、是否具公平誠信、償還債權的可能性等等,都是影響准駁的重要關鍵,因此本文之重心係以公司重整制度中之重整計畫為探討。希冀藉由探討公司重整制度中之重整計畫,為未來公司法中之重整制度修增或債務清理法草案之修增,提供可供參考之資料。
    If a company has more debt than its assets or revenue, it may apply to the court for reorganization. It is one of the last means to save the business. However, the enterprises in our country are mostly small and medium-sized, and lack of sufficient profitability to pay off the debt. Hence, the application of reorganization has often rejected by the court and the success of corporate reorganization case is not many.On the other hand, the American?companies?may?voluntarily?decide to seek Chapter 11 protection in court, and negotiate with the creditors. This view?looks?really interesting. For the most part, when a company under financial distress is applying to bankruptcy, neither a company nor a creditor can get much profit in the end. It is also difficult to pay?a?creditor in the full amount or even better. As the result of the Chapter 11 protection, it is not only to force creditors negotiating with debtor, but also the corporate can be regenerated finally. The?creditors'?claims,?as a result, are more likely to be satisfied than liquidation.Whether an application of a corporate in chapter 11 will be rejected by the court, in addition to the assets and liabilities of itself, the plan of reorganization proposed, the?possibility?of?implementation, the?admission?of creditors, fairness and honesty, the probability of repayment and so on, are the key points. Thus, this research will focus on the reorganization plan, and provide a reference for legislature to amend Act.
    Appears in Collections:[財經法律系研究所] 學位論文

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