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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/871


    Title: 預警原則的應用:規範製造基因改造食品的跨國公司
    Authors: 陳萭涵;CHEN, YU-HAN
    Contributors: 法律系研究所
    Keywords: 預警原則;基因改造食品;跨國公司;國際非政府組織;precautionary principle;GM foods;multinational corporations;international non-government organization
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:52:42 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 法律系研究所
    Abstract: 本文「預警原則的應用:規範製造基因改造食品的跨國公司」的主要目的在於建立一個國際非政府組織, 以該非政府組織作為國際間預警原則的實施者,來規範、監督基因改造食品生產鏈中的跨國公司。本文主要分為三大部分,第一部分主要為基因改造食品的介紹、國際間有關基因改造品的條約以及這些條約之間所產生的灰色地帶 — 跨國公司。另外,基因改造食品在帶來方便的同時,其背後一直存在的隱憂也會仔細的討論。在使用基因改造食品的同時,為了保護人們受到這些隱憂的侵害,則需要找到能夠更有效且直接的方式來規範並監督這些跨國公司的行為。第二部分會詳細說明預警原則,包含預警原則的發展、在國際上的地位以及預警原則如何被應用在實際的狀況上。預警原則近年來逐漸受到國際社會的重視,越來越多的國際條約中提及預警原則,尤其對於有許多科學不確定性的議題。其中,基因改造食品就是一個具有代表性的議題,因為它所可能產生的負面影響,在科學上仍然無法完全被確定。雖然預警原則已經越來越受重視,但是實際上要如何應用,尚未發展出明確且一致的應用方式與程序。最後一個部分會以現在國際間已經存在的政府組織Biosafety Clearing-House、Codex Alimentarius以及關注基因改造食品的非政府組織為參考,嘗試建立一個國際非政府組織,並以預警原則為指導原則來規範並監督基因改造食品生產鏈上的跨國公司。
    The main purpose of this article is to establish an international non-government organization which acts as the practitioner of precautionary principle to manage and monitor the multinational corporations in the GM foods production chain. There are three main parts in the article. Frist part is to introduce GMOs and GM foods, the international and regional treaties related to GMOs and GM foods and the grey areas among these treaties - multinational corporations. Secondly, the article will introduce precautionary principle in detail, including developing history, status in the international society and how precautionary principle be applied. Finally, the article will take the international inter-governmental organization, Biosafety Clearing-House and Codex Alimentarius, as well as others international non-government organizations which concern about GMOs and GM foods issues as references to establish an international non-government organization. At the meanwhile, precautionary principle will become the central concept and principle for this international non-government organization to manage and monitor the monitor the multinational corporations in the GM foods production chain.
    Appears in Collections:[法律系研究所] 學位論文

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