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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/834


    Title: 從兒童權利公約論我國家事事件中兒少表達並被考量的權利;The Study on Rights of Child to Express and to be Heard in Taiwan's Law and Implementation under Convention on the Rights of the Child
    Authors: 廖錦惠;LIAO, CHIN-HUI
    Contributors: 法律學系碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 表意權;兒童權利公約;家事調查官;家事事件法;社工監護權訪視報告;親權;離婚;監護權;未成年子女權利義務的行使負擔;兒童最佳利益;Convention on the Rights of the Child;Custody Evaluation;The Best Interests of the Child;The Right of the Child to Express
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:52:01 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 法律學系碩士在職專班
    Abstract: 聯合國大會自1989年11月20日通過兒童權利公約,1990年9月2日生效,兒童權利公約確認了兒童作為權利的主體,以及兒童最佳利益原則。我國在民國103年11月20日的世界兒童日施行兒童權利公約施行法,確立了兒童權利公約在我國法律的效力。本文旨在探討兒童權利公約第12條兒童表達意見並被考量的權利,在兒童權利公約當中的意涵,以及在我國法律面及實務面的實踐現況,並且以紐西蘭為師,挑選五則與兒童表達意見並被考量權利相關的裁判實例以為借鏡。本文研究結論發現兒童權利公約第12條的內容為第4條兒童最佳利益的表徵,透過兒童的視野去表達自己的最佳利益,並且依照兒童不同的發展階段予以適當衡量。神經心理學的實證研究發現道德推理能力要到14-15歲才發展得較完整,此階段被認為是較適合獲得決定權的年齡。我國法律面以民法第1055之1條及家事事件法第108條較能反應此權利的保障。實務面由社工訪視報告、家事調查官以及裁判書三個面向來探討,家事調查官在友善兒童的會談技巧、兒童表達意見的機會、排除受到成人影響的表意內容等指標都能反應兒童權利公約第12條的內涵。裁判實務的部分,從所蒐集到的裁判書內容較難歸納出實務上一致的見解。研究建議從專業訓練、強制性親職教育、離婚過程兒童的支持性方案、有忠誠議題兒童的保護等立法及制度的面向予以調整。
    The study is attempting to comprehend the rights of child to express and to be heard, the article 12 of Convention on the Rights of the Child. Taiwan’s President announced Implementation Act of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on June 2014, as the legal validity. In order to view the implementation of child’s express rights in Taiwan’s law after practicing of Implementation Act of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Although the article 108 of Family Act do ensure the rights of child to express and child friendly environment provide, the conclusion of Taiwan’s law design is lacking of the concept of weighing child’s view properly, especially evaluating by child’s different developmental stages. The recommendations are enforcing professional training, such as development psychology and consultative skills to child, protecting child with parent’s alienation, child’s supporting treatment, after all to revise the article 1055-1 of Civil Law
    Appears in Collections:[法律系研究所] 學位論文

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