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    Title: 國小音樂教科書之性別音樂符號學分析—新音樂學觀點;Analysis of Semiotics in the Music Textbooks of Elementary School: With the View of New Musicology
    Authors: 鄭伊文;CHENG, YI-WEN
    Contributors: 教育學研究所
    Keywords: 女性主義;性別;音畫;音樂教科書;陰性音樂;陽性音樂;新音樂學;Feminism;Gender;Listening Map;Music Textbooks;Music of Femininity;Music of Masculinity;New Musicology
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:49:39 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 教育學研究所
    Abstract: 本研究採取內容分析法、樂曲分析與音畫分析法,以Susan McClary的研究新音樂學理論為基礎,將歌曲分為「終止式」、「和弦」、「調性」、「音樂起拍」、「旋律走向」等五大類目進行分析探究,研究對象為康軒版藝術與人文教科書共計八冊,符合研究條件的樂曲總共155首。本研究從教科書裡的歌曲、歌詞的意涵與插圖的呈現來進行性別分析,並且從女性主義的角度來分析與母親意象相關的歌曲音樂,最後透過音畫教學來解讀學童對於教材的反應,以瞭解音樂的潛在課程面向。研究結果顯示,第一,在音樂符號學方面,教科書中三年級的音樂風格是以陽性音樂為主,陽性音樂隨著年級的增長有逐年遞減的趨勢,直到六年級時陰性音樂超越陽性音樂的比例,成為以陰性音樂為主的狀況,整體而言各年級陽性音樂與陰性音樂的比例平衡。教科書中陽性音樂具有快樂唱跳風格、正向加油勵志風格、女性養育風格、描寫男性的音樂風格;陰性音樂則具有悲傷離別風格、感性浪漫溫馨風格、家庭慈祥母親風格、民族音樂風格以及描寫女性音樂的風格。第二,教科書中歌曲、歌詞與插圖具有角色性別化與職業性別化的現象。第三,描述母親意象的音樂同質性太高,都具有女性陰柔氣質的音樂特色還再製傳統母親角色的養育期待。第四,研究者實施音畫教學給予學生補充屬於陽性音樂風格的母親音樂,結果顯示陽性的音樂風格使學童在繪畫描述母親意象時呈現較多元面向的描述。
    Content analysis method, music analysis method and listening map analysis method were used in this thesis based on Susan McClary’s study of new musicology. Songs were divided into five categories: “cadence”, “triad”, “key signature”, “staring beat” and “melody” to analyze and explore. The study object is the Kang Hsuan Ed. of Art and Humanities textbooks (8 volumes). A total of 155 songs are eligible for the study. In this study, the gender analysis was tried to conduct through the songs in the textbooks, the meaning of the lyrics and the presentation of the illustrations. And then, the songs associated with mother’s image were analyzed from the view point of feminism. Finally, the teaching and listening map of the music were used to explore the response of students to understand the potential of music for the curriculum.The songs can be divided into music of masculinity and music of femininity. The statistical result shows that most songs in the textbooks are masculinity music from the 3rd grade. But, the proportion of masculinity decreases with the grade. The proportion of femininity exceeds the proportion of masculinity music until the 6th grade. In the textbooks, the style of happy singing, the style of positive refueling inspirational, the style of female parenting, and the description of male were presented in the masculinity music. In addition, the style of sad parting, the style of emotional romantic warm, the style of family kind mother, the style of national music and the description of female were presented in the femininity. The role of gender and the professional sex phenomenon were appeared in the lyrics and the illustrations of textbooks. The music homogeneity is too high to describe the mother’s image including a feminine temperament of the music characteristics and of a traditional mother role of the parental expectations.The author used the teaching and listening map of masculinity music with mother’s music for the supplement on some students. The results showed that more information for description of the mother’s image was given by the masculinity music style.
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