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    Title: 越南地雷風險教育的影響之廣南省案例研究;The Effects of Mine Risk Education (MRE) Program in Viet Nam: A Case in Quang Nam Province
    Authors: 黎玉光;Quang, Le Ngoc
    Contributors: 教育學碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 未爆彈(UXO);地雷;地雷風險教育計畫(MRE);除雷行動;整合;Unexploded Ordinance;Landmines;Mine Risk Education;Mine action;Mine awareness
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:49:05 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 教育學碩士在職專班
    Abstract: 如今,世界上有許多受到地雷及未爆彈(UXO)威脅的國家,那些群體忽視了這些戰爭遺留下來的爆裂物(ERW)的警告。地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)正日益成為戰後區域在防雷意識領域上有效的健康教育和促進變革的根本。根據聯合國的說法,地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)意指一些透過提高意識和促進行為的改變以降低由地雷或未爆彈(UXO)所造成的傷害的教育活動,包括公共的資訊傳播、教育和培訓以及社區除雷行動的聯繫。本研究首先會先描繪地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的實證研究,它是根據從1975年至今在越南戰爭地區以及廣南省的戰爭地區實施地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的過程中,所收集到的數據來進行的研究。其次,許多有關衛生教育的文獻和地雷風險教育計劃經驗的出版物,需要透過一些以社會、經濟和政治局勢為基礎的新方法以及解決方案,來改變或提升地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的實踐。第三,研究人員指出了一些關於風險計劃產生的結果與影響的新發現,並將地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的整合納入學校研究所的課程中。最後,研究者根據此計畫得到的結果和經驗,提出了一些解決方案,以提高地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的效用以及品質的方法。
    In post-conflict settings, landmine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) constitute a public health hazard. In Vietnam, forty two years after the conflict has ended, people continue to be injured by the remaining of explosive remnants of war (ERW), as a resulting in long term disability, psychological sequel, and death. Mine risk education (MRE) program has become a fundamental key for effective health education and promotion in the field of mine awareness. MRE included public information dissemination, education and training and community mine action liaison in the battle area after the war. This study was adopted a mixed methods research approach which consisted of non-participant observation, survey, and in-depth interview. The findings from this study indicated both of the organization and individual levels have many positive effects and impacts. On organization level, the findings found that the MRE program was timely and satisfy the community needs in terms of reducing the threats from landmine and UXO. The finding of the study also revealed that the coordination between the MRE organization and Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Mine Action (IACG-MA) greatly supported MRE activities and initiatives within United Nations (UN) system. Meanwhile, the study indicated in terms of the impact of the MRE which based on coverage and scale perspective through how many individuals receiving the MRE training as well as coverage of risk education at contaminated areas. In addition to organization aspects, the MRE program has impacted on individual level. Both of the adults and children have remarkably gained the knowledge and the positive attitude. The questionnaire regarding the knowledge of MRE was surveyed in one of the most UXO contaminated district in Quang Nam province. In research area, 53 adults (28 teachers and 25 non-teachers) and 184 children were surveyed by KAPB; 18 participants included government state officer, village leader, international NGOs staff, landmine survivor, teachers and student who were interviewed by in-depth interview. The result of the survey noted that the major damage of UXO to human being included death and casualty. Key of risk behavior for local people consisted of tampering, fire, moving, and throwing landmine and UXO. However, the finding of KAPB illustrated that 7.2% of both teacher and non-teacher did not know the reason why a UXO exploded and 1.5% agreed that they should take the UXO and throw it away. The result showed that 1.1% of children respondents did not know how to protect themselves from landmine and UXO accident. As a result, the study indicated a need so as to integrate the MRE into the curriculum and encourage stakeholders in order to improve the effects and enhance the quality of MRE programs.
    Appears in Collections:[教育學研究所] 學位論文

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