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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/756


    Title: 現代花木蘭女性士官從軍心路歷程之困境與優勢探討:以國軍某部隊為例;Modern Mulan-A Dlscussion on Predicaments And Advantager of Femali NCOs
    Authors: 王盈舜;WANG, YING-SHUN
    Contributors: 勞工關係學系碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 玻璃天花板;領導統御;性別主流化;優勢;困境;女性士官;Glass Ceiling;leadership;Gender Mainstreaming;advantage;predicament;female NCO
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17 10:46:05 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 勞工關係學系碩士在職專班
    Abstract: 因為受到國際社會對「性別主流化」及「性別平等」等觀念推行的影響,加上國軍兵役政策的改變以及可招募役男減少的因素,使得國軍在女性人力進用上突破了以往的限制;而士官階層在部隊中的角色,同時兼具領導者與被領導者,而且是第一線的實務工作執行者;因此本研究欲瞭解在原本以男性為主體且限制較民間企業多的部隊環境,是否會對女性士官人員造成限制,而女性士官在服役的過程中又有哪些困境感受,甚至是因為女性的性別而享有優於男性軍職人員的優勢。本研究採深度訪談法,在2017年2至4月間以目的性及便利性選定10位尚在服役中的女性士官進行訪談,受訪者的階級分別是士官長3位、上士3位以及中士、下士各2位。研究發現女性士官對部隊職場的「工作分配時以性別為考量」、「生活設施不佳及管理不便」以及「封閉及制式的工作環境」等3項最感受到限制,而對部隊工作的困境感受有「上階幹部不合理的領導」、「部隊性騷擾防治機制不信任」、「職位升遷的不平等待遇」、「人力不足」、「領導統御上的窒礙」及「無法兼顧照護家庭」等6項,另外相對優於男性成員的項目則是「長官對女性態度較溫和」、「特定職務較易候選調佔上階」以及「影響部分政策修訂導向」等。本研究認為,部隊環境對女性士官確實仍存在限制因素,但限制因素已有逐步改善,另外對於服役過程中讓女性士官感到困境或是優勢的主要成因,大多來自於人為因素。為創造對女性士官更友善的工作環境,本研究建議國防部應持續推動改革、培育幹部良好領導統御職能以建全性騷擾防制措施;男性軍職人員應建立正確性別主流化觀念,以利共同創造良好工作環境,女性士官則須以身作則不當花瓶,並善用自身特質,才能為部隊帶來更多元化的管理方式及改革。
    Due to the influence of international concepts such as “Gender Mainstreaming” and “Gender Equality,” the policy changing of National Armed Forces service and the reduction of recruited draftee, the performance of military womanpower has broken through previous limitations. NCOs (non-commissioned officers) play the roles as both conductors and followers, and they are the practical executors in the frontline. This research is to discuss whether or not female NCOs receive restrictions in the military troops which are mainly organized by male personnel and have more restrains than in civilian enterprises, what predicaments female NCOs should experience, and what advantages female NCOs might benefit than male military personnel just because of gender. This research takes in-depth interview of ten female NCOs in service for achieving purposefulness and convenience from February to April 2017. The interviewees are three Master Sergeants, three Sergeants, two Staff Sergeants, and two Corporals. The results found that female NCOs feel restrained most strongly by the following three: “gender being the factor of working dispatch,” “poor facilities and awkward management for livelihood,” and “self-contained and standardizing working environment.” The predicaments which female NCOs experience are the following six: “unreasonable leadership of senior cadres,” “having no confidence in sex harassment prevention system,” “discrimination for promotion,” “insufficiency of manpower,” “having obstacles in leadership,” and “unable to take care of family at the same time.” The advantages which female NCOs might benefit than male NCOs are “senior cadres are more gentle to female NCOs,” “having better chance to transfer to a higher post in certain jobs,” “being influential in some policy revising.” This research concludes that military troops do possess limitations for female NCOs; however, those limitations are abrogated gradually. Furthermore, both predicaments and advantages which female NCOs encounter come from the factor of human. To create amicable working environments for female NCOs, this research recommends that the Ministry of National Defense keeps on reformation, educates the cadre good leadership to build a sound sex harassment prevention system. Male military personnel should build proper notion of gender mainstreaming to create nice working environments, and female NCOs should set good examples by working hard and employ ones’ own distinguishing characteristics to bring diversifications in management and innovations to military troops.
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