本研究以人文主義地理學關懷地方的角度出發，試圖了解曾經做為林業社區的花蓮林田山，在1996年邁向園區觀光化和社區人口老化的情況下，居民們地方感的轉變過程，並希望藉由段義孚所謂的地方之愛（Topophilia），說明居民是如何看待林田山過去20年來的變化。透過田野的觀察與訪談，本研究發現，因為林業經濟而形成的林田山社區，居民們等同圍繞著林業時期的運材交通工具「鐵道與索道」而生活著，也建構了居民們將林田山視為家的想像。而自小在林田山成長的居民，成年後選擇留在林田山成家立業，也是基於兒時情誼和對林田山的熟悉。現今的林田山社區，從起初的林業移民，至後來的既有血脈的延續，共同營造了視地方為家園的想像。林田山社區在轉型為林業文化園區後，即便作為觀光化社區的地景和林業時期的住居與工作型態大不相同，居民仍希望藉由地方團體重新取得社區的主導性，並開始納入外來人士的聲音；而邁向園區化若能提供經濟的誘因，居民也從起初的反抗，逐漸轉為接受的態度，但在既有公有宿舍法未解套的情況下，未來公部門的決策仍是左右林田山社區發展的關鍵。 Based upon the perspective of humanistic geography, the study explores how the residents of Lin-Tian-Shan Forestry Cultural Park, Hualien, change their sense of place when facing with the issues of tourism and seniorization. Referring to Yi-fu Tuan’s conceptualization of “Topophilia,” this research illustrates how the landscape change of Lin-Tian-Shan Forestry Cultural Park in the past twenty years affected the way the residents identify with their community. Through field research and in-depth interview, the study found that the residents identiy Lin-Tian-Shan Community as their home mainly due to the old-time forestry industry and their main tools of transportation – railway and ropeway. The residents who grew up there chose to stay due to a strong emotional attachment with Lin-Tian-Shan. Thus, from the immigration of forestry in old days to the long-stay residents in Lin-Tian-Shan community now, the residents consider here as their “homeland.” Following the transformation of Lin-Tian-Shan from a residential community to a heretige site, drastic changes in both living and working follow suit. Nevertheless, the residents still hope that the local community can retake the initiative in regards to the community development, although they are willing to take advices from the outsiders. If transforming into Lin-Tian-Shan Forestry Cultural Park could provide enough economic incentives for residents, they are willing to settle for the new ideas for community development. However, before their dormitory issue is resolved, the government still dominates the future development of Lin-Tian-Shan community.