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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/448


    Title: 國家級射箭教練領導行為及其影響因素之研究;Leadership Behaviors and Influential Factors among the National Archery Coaches
    Authors: 陳冠亦;CHEN, KUAN-YI
    Contributors: 運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所
    Keywords: 訓練與教學行為;關懷行為;專制行為;獎勵行為;民主行為;training and teaching behaviors;caring behavior;autocratic behavior;reward behavior;democratic behavior
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17
    Publisher: 運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所
    Abstract: 本研究目的在了解國家級射箭教練領導行為及其影響因素。採質性研究方式,選取四位訓練卓越的國家級射箭教練及其四位選手,教練本身具領導實務達10年以上,並且曾帶隊獲得國際賽前三名成績,目前仍然為射箭教練。本研究採多元教練領導行為理論為基礎,以半結構式訪談、參與觀察及文件分析等收集資料,所得資料以開放性編碼、主軸編碼及選擇性編碼,持續歸納、比較及分析,藉以正確且完整地詮釋資料的內涵與影響因素。結果發現,國家級射箭教練領導行為主要包括訓練與教學行為、關懷行為、專制行為、獎勵行為及民主行為等。教練的訓練與教學行為包括指導原則、訓練模式、個別指導;關懷行為包括心理輔導、課業輔導;專制行為包括服從態度、生活管理;獎勵行為包括精神鼓勵、實質的鼓勵;民主行為包括雙向互動、選手的意見。影響國家級射箭教練領導行為的因素包括訓練瓶頸、學校與家長的支持、訓練的資源及教練具備條件。教練的訓練與教學行為重視目標設定、鼓勵思考、多元化;訓練方法、心理訓練、比較法;技術動作的提升、個別化訓練、個別化指導。整體而言,教練重視運動的價值、衝突處理;升學輔導、補救教學;重視紀律與規範養成、彈性的空間;生活習慣養成、嚴格的紀律;重視言語讚賞、公開讚賞;金錢獎勵、禮物獎勵;偏差行為的處理、良好態度的鼓勵。重視建立溝通關係、信任關係、以及訓練感受的建議。另外,教練最需要具備的是對於運動訓練與指導的熱忱,吸收新的知識及自我要求等。教練是選手學習的榜樣,如果教練擁有好的專業知識及品性,都有可能間接或直接影響選手,讓選手變得更加出色。
    The aim of the current study was to investigate the leadership behaviors and influential factors among the national archery coaches. Four professional archery coaches who were from national team, and four archery athletes from their team were participated in this study. All of the coaches have given archery training at least ten years and still given now, in addition, they have shepherded the national teams to top three in the international competition. A semi-structured interview that based on the qualitative method and multiple coaches' leadership behavior theory was used in this research, the collected interviewing data was transferred to the coding by open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. Furthermore, we induct, compare, and analyze for obtained the integrality of data and influential factors. The results demonstrated that leadership behaviors of national coaches including the training and teaching behavior, caring behavior, autocratic behavior, reward behavior, and democratic behavior etc.; the training and teaching behavior containing guiding principles, training model, and individual coaching; the caring behavior comprising psychological counseling and academic guidance; the autocratic behavior including obedience attitude as well as life management; the reward behavior consists of spiritual encouragement and material encouragement; whereas the democratic behavior including bilateral interaction as well as opinions from athletes. In addition, the influential factors of leadership behavior in national archery coaches including the bottleneck of training, support from school and paterfamilias, training resources, and qualified requirement of coaches. The training and teaching behavior emphasized the goal setting, encouragement for consideration, diversification; methods of training, psychological training, comparison; increasing movement skills, individually training, and individualy coaching. In overall, the coaches would pay more attention to the value of sport, conflict processing; careers counseling, remedial education; nurturance of discipline and norm, flexible space; nurturance of lifestyle, strict discipline; verbal reward, public reward; monetary reward, gift reward; deal of deviance, encouragement of good attitude. To rebuild the relationship of communication and trust, as well as the advices of experience on training.Finally, the most important factor is the passion of athletic training and coaching, obtain new knowledge, and self-critical requirement. Coaches showcased the model for athletes, if they have better professional knowledge and morality, if would directly or indirectly affect athletes, give them rise to excellent performance.The current study was to revealed the meaning of leadership behaviors from national coaches based on the qualitative methods, then provide a guideline for archery coaching in Taiwan.
    Appears in Collections:[運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所] 學位論文

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