The aim of the current study was to investigate the leadership behaviors and influential factors among the national archery coaches. Four professional archery coaches who were from national team, and four archery athletes from their team were participated in this study. All of the coaches have given archery training at least ten years and still given now, in addition, they have shepherded the national teams to top three in the international competition. A semi-structured interview that based on the qualitative method and multiple coaches' leadership behavior theory was used in this research, the collected interviewing data was transferred to the coding by open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. Furthermore, we induct, compare, and analyze for obtained the integrality of data and influential factors. The results demonstrated that leadership behaviors of national coaches including the training and teaching behavior, caring behavior, autocratic behavior, reward behavior, and democratic behavior etc.; the training and teaching behavior containing guiding principles, training model, and individual coaching; the caring behavior comprising psychological counseling and academic guidance; the autocratic behavior including obedience attitude as well as life management; the reward behavior consists of spiritual encouragement and material encouragement; whereas the democratic behavior including bilateral interaction as well as opinions from athletes. In addition, the influential factors of leadership behavior in national archery coaches including the bottleneck of training, support from school and paterfamilias, training resources, and qualified requirement of coaches. The training and teaching behavior emphasized the goal setting, encouragement for consideration, diversification; methods of training, psychological training, comparison; increasing movement skills, individually training, and individualy coaching. In overall, the coaches would pay more attention to the value of sport, conflict processing; careers counseling, remedial education; nurturance of discipline and norm, flexible space; nurturance of lifestyle, strict discipline; verbal reward, public reward; monetary reward, gift reward; deal of deviance, encouragement of good attitude. To rebuild the relationship of communication and trust, as well as the advices of experience on training.Finally, the most important factor is the passion of athletic training and coaching, obtain new knowledge, and self-critical requirement. Coaches showcased the model for athletes, if they have better professional knowledge and morality, if would directly or indirectly affect athletes, give them rise to excellent performance.The current study was to revealed the meaning of leadership behaviors from national coaches based on the qualitative methods, then provide a guideline for archery coaching in Taiwan.