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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/440


    Title: 急性有氧運動對暴力行為者的抑制控制、 情緒調節、與錯誤監控之影響;The Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Inhibitory Control, Emotional Modulation, and Error Monitoring in Violent Offenders
    Authors: 游家權;YU, CHIA-CHUAN
    Contributors: 運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所
    Keywords: 情緒性停止訊號作業;暴力犯罪;運動介入;停止訊號反應時間;P3;emotional stop signal task;violent crime;exercise intervention;SSRT;P3
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17
    Publisher: 運動競技系運動與休閒教育研究所
    Abstract: 過去已有許多文獻指出,有氧運動對於人類大腦認知功能有著正面效益,有些研究指出急性有氧運動可以改善個體的抑制控制、情緒調節、以及錯誤監控等功能。暴力行為的產生是由先天因素與後天環境因素交互作用而導致,而過去研究發現,暴力行為者特定腦區的結構與活化程度與常人不同,並影響認知功能。本研究目的:一、檢驗急性中等強度有氧運動是否會影響抑制控制。二、檢驗急性中等強度有氧運動是否會影響情緒調節。三、檢驗急性中等強度有氧運動是否會影響錯誤監控。方法:參與者皆為男性,招募16名衝動型暴力犯罪之監獄收容人(平均年齡: 32.81±9.85)、14位非暴力犯罪之監獄收容人(平均年齡: 31.00±7.28)、及15位健康成人作為對照組(平均年齡: 22.73±2.31)。實驗設計:以對抗平衡方法,進行二個部分。一為運動介入,採30分鐘60%儲備心跳率的腳踏車運動;二為進行30分鐘運動相關書籍的閱讀控制,二部分結束後皆以情緒性停止訊號作業測量抑制控制、情緒調節、及錯誤監控的指標,包含 Go 正確率、Go 反應時間、Stop 錯誤率、停止訊號反應時間、及錯誤後減慢。同時測量事件相關電位 (ERPs),包括P3、N2、晚期正向波 (LPP)、與錯誤關連負波 (ERN)作為抑制控制、情緒調節、與錯誤監控相關腦區活動指標。結果:(一)行為表現、運動介入過後,三組研究參與者的停止訊號反應時間有了顯著的下降,暴力組的錯誤後減慢則在運動過後顯著低於對照組。(二)ERP結果、運動介入過後,暴力組的P3振幅顯著高於非暴力組;而三組的N2、LPP、及ERN則沒有因為運動介入產生顯著變化。上述結果顯示急性有氧運動介入可能增進了三組參與者在執行抑制控制的效率,而暴力組在運動過後對於抑制歷程的注意力資源分配也有顯著的增加。但是運動對於暴力組的錯誤後減慢則有負面的影響,顯示本實驗運動介入對於暴力行為者的錯誤覺察能力與後續行為補償的大腦處理歷程並沒有正面的改善。由於實驗參與者屬特殊對象,因此本研究認為,可能運動對於不同的群體會有不同方面的效果。建議未來研究以其他介入方式或運動類型,以釐清運動對於暴力行為者的影響。另外,透過本研究結果可知,可能有氧運動可以當作除了教育與諮商輔導之外,改善暴力行為的輔助介入。
    Many previous studies have suggested that aerobic exercise had positive effects on cognition. The relationships of aerobic exercise and cognitive function have been extensively examined in recent studies. Some of current research indicated that acute aerobic exercise can improve the cognition, including inhibition, emotional modulation, and error monitoring. Violent behavior is a consequence from the interaction of inborn factors and acquired environmental factors. Problems of cognition could explain the behavior of violent offenders. Purposes: First, to examine whether acute exercise can influence inhibitory control; second, to examine whether acute exercise can influence emotional modulation; third, to examine whether acute exercise can influence error monitoring. Methods: 16 violent offenders (mean age: 32.81±9.85), 14 non-violent offenders (mean age: 31.00±7.28), and 15 healthy-controls (mean age: 22.73±2.31) were recruited in the current study. Participants were asked to perform an emotional stop signal task under go, and stop with neutral and negative conditions after 30min exercise which were set as acute moderate aerobic exercise intervention, and a control session which were set as reading exercise-related books. While measuring task performance, the behavior data (i.e. go accuracy, go reaction time, stop error rate, stop signal reaction time (SSRT), and post-error slowing (pES)), and ERPs component, comprise P3, N2, LPP, and ERN were collected concurrently. Results: First, the SSRT was decreased in three groups after the exercise session but not the reading session and the pES of the violent group was lower than controls after the exercise session. Second, violent group had an increased P3 amplitude than the non-violent offender group after the exercise session. However, there were no differences on N2, LPP, and ERN amplitude after exercise. The current study suggests the ability of inhibitory control in 3 groups can be facilitated by acute exercise intervention, but the error monitoring process and the subsequent process of regulate in the violent group was disrupted by exercise. Finally, considering the particularity of our subjects, it would suggest the exercise intervention may have different effects in different subjects. It remains necessary to investigate whether different kinds of exercise or different intervention can influence violent offenders. Furthermore, this study also suggests that exercise may be able to be an auxiliary intervention in addition to education and counseling.
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