1949年後，兩岸形成隔海峽而分治的現實，過去，兩岸敵對且無任何互信機制情況下曾多次爆發軍事衝突，造成雙方各有死傷。之後，隨著臺灣領導人的更迭兩岸關係也有了改變，從蔣介石總統兩岸關係「漢賊不兩立」；蔣經國總統解嚴並開放國民赴中國探親；李登輝總統廢止動員戡亂時期臨時條款及海基、海協兩會協商談判；陳水扁總統的善意溝通，存異求同政策；馬英九總統與中國展開經濟（ECFA）及各項協議談判。目前兩岸關係在整體上已趨於和緩穩定。惟兩岸仍有爆發軍事衝突的可能，鑒於此，本文參考西方既有「信心建立措施」的經驗，針對臺灣建立兩岸信心建立措施上作探討，並透過SWOT分析法，分析臺灣建立兩岸信心建立措施的優勢、劣勢、機會和威脅。 Taiwan and China have been separately ruling themselves since 1949. Without mutual-trust mechanism, Taiwan and China had several military conflicts. As administration has been changing, the Cross-Strait relations get changed as well. From years of tension under Chang Kai-shek’s regime to Chang Ching-kuo’s end martial law and opening of visit to main-land relatives, the Cross-Strait relation went d?tente. From Lee Teng-hui nullification of Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of National Mobilization for Suppression of the Communist Rebellion and negotiation between Straits Exchange Foundation and Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, Chen Shui-bian’s tolerance for difference and pursuit of concord and Ma Ying-jeou’s series of negotiations including Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), the Cross-Strait relations gets more and more stable by degrees. Nevertheless, the possibility of military conflict still exists. Therefore, the study is to analyze the advantage, disadvantage, opportunity and threat under “Confidence Building Measures” by SWOT Analysis.