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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/292


    Title: 中越南海主權爭議中的美國因素:以結構現實主義作為切入點的視角(2001-2014);The U.S. Factors in the Sino-Vietnamese South China Sea Sovereignty Dispute: A Perspective of Structural Realism (2001-2014)
    Authors: 曾百罡;TZENG, BAI-GANG
    Contributors: 戰略暨國際事務研究所
    Keywords: 美中越關係;美中關係;結構現實主義;南海主權爭議;重返亞洲;U.S. - China relations;structural realism;South China Sea Sovereignty Dispute;U.S.-China-Vietname relations;return to Asia
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2019-07-17
    Publisher: 戰略暨國際事務研究所
    Abstract: 美中關係是21世紀最複雜,也最重要的雙邊關係,兩國之間的互動,將決定世界的走向,特別是在亞洲地區,隨著近年來中國國力的提升,以美國為主的亞洲權力板塊開始重新洗牌。這不僅造成中國周邊國家的擔憂,也造成美國本身的顧忌,以至於美國相繼提出了「重返亞洲」與「亞洲再平衡」等政策因應,藉以提升其在此地區的存在感,並同時鞏固其在此地區的地位。 近期,南海爭端再起波瀾。2014年5月發生的中越「海洋石油981」事件不僅引發了雙方船艦的多次碰撞,還造成了越南國內史上規模最大的排華行動,表面上看起來雖然是中國與越南之間的島嶼主權爭端,但背後其實是中國與美國之間的權力角力。在此事件中,中美之間的競爭關係除了體現在強化各自的軍事與經濟實力之外,還體現在與該地區周邊國家的合作上,越南因此成了美中雙方戰略博奕的支點,形成了一股彼此制約的力量。一方面美國期望藉由與越南的軍事合作遏制中國的崛起,另一方面中國則期望藉由與越南發展友好關係來排除美國的介入,但無論中、美雙方如何與越南互動,彼此的行為仍均受到國際結構的制約,以至於中美雙方在南海呈現出如結構現實主義般的競合關係,即為了避免發生直接的衝突,傾向於採取有限度的合作。 有鑒於中美雙方在尋求權力平衡的路上有可能因為誤判而產生衝突,本文將試圖利用結構現實主義的理論架構作為切入點,來分析中越南海981事件中的美國因素,藉以釐清中、美、越三方在南海的立場與角色。
    US-China relations are the most complex and important bilateral relations in the 21st century. The interaction between the two countries will determine the direction of the world, especially in the Asian region. With the rise of China's national strength in recent years, the balance of power in the west began to re-shuffle. This is not only a cause of concern in China's neighboring countries, but also caused the United States itself scruples, so that the United States have put forward the "return to Asia" and "Asian rebalancing" and other policy response, in order to enhance its presence in this region, and at the same time its position in this region. Recently, the South China Sea dispute renewed waves. The Sino-Vietnamese "Offshore Oil 981" incident in May 2014 not only triggered a number of collisions between the two ships, but also created the largest anti-Chinese action in Vietnam's history. Appearing to be an island sovereignty dispute between China and Vietnam , in fact the wrestling of power between China and the United States. In this event, nations embody in strengthening their respective military and economic strength, but also reflected in the cooperation with the neighboring countries of the region. In this case, Vietnam has become the US and Chinese strategic game of the fulcrum. On the other hand, China hopes to eliminate the involvement of the United States by developing friendly relations with Vietnam. But no matter how the two sides interact with Vietnam, they tend to take limited cooperation. In view of the conflict between China and the United States on the way of seeking power balance, author try to analyze the US factors in the 981 incident in the Sino-Vietnamese Sea in structural realism theory so as to clarify the differences between China, the United States and Vietnam in the South China Sea Position and role.
    Appears in Collections:[戰略暨國際事務研究所] 學位論文

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