National Chung Cheng University Institutional Repository:Item A095B0000Q/289
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    题名: 人權保障與國家安全利益的衝突—以古巴關塔那摩灣拘留營為例;The Conflict between Human Right Protection And National Security Interests - A Case Study of Cuba Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp
    作者: 徐行;SYU, SING
    贡献者: 戰略暨國際事務研究所
    关键词: 關塔那摩灣;拘留營;人權保障;國家安全;恐怖主義;Guantanamo Bay;Detention Camp;Human-Right Protection;National security;Terrorism
    日期: 2017
    上传时间: 2019-07-17
    出版者: 戰略暨國際事務研究所
    摘要: 人權保障仰賴國家之間的公約簽屬以及非國家組織的保障,然而關塔那摩灣拘留營的存在,為達成國家安全的目的而規避了人權的重視,除了違反美國對於人權的遵守之外,也踩進了國家安全與人權保障的邊線,經由了解關塔那摩灣拘留營的例子,若往後在反恐戰爭當中再度出現類似的議題時,將會有一個例子作為借鏡,並更能夠在不激化恐怖份子的情況之下去處理反恐戰爭的相關議題。 本研究主要先分為兩種方向,一個是從「人權保障」去探討拘留營產生的問題,另一個則是從「國家安全」的角度去看拘留營的必要性;首先從「人權保障」出發,去探討拘留營內部的法律適用問題、過度刑求、強迫餵食以及醫療資訊洩密等議題;接著再從「國家安全」的層面進行探討,透過了解拘留營本身的價值,探討關塔那摩灣拘留營在反恐戰爭上的地位與必要性。 本研究的結論為四點,分別是「反恐戰爭下的拘留需要一套認定標準」、「分辨潛藏恐怖份子與人權保證的困難」、「降低已知的恐怖攻擊風險」、「拘留營建置成本與限制」等四項結論。以關塔那摩灣拘留營作為例子,往後面對拘留恐怖份子相關的議題時,台灣可以更進一步的做出適當的處置方式,盡可能的減少不必要的犧牲與困難。
    Human rights protection relies on the signing of the convention between the States and the support of non-State organizations. However, the existence of the detention camps in Guantanamo Bay has circumvented the importance of human rights for the purpose of achieving national security, In addition to violating the United States for human rights compliance, but also stepped into the National security and Human rights protection of the sideline, By understanding the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, in the event of a similar issue in the war on terror, there will be an example of being a mirror and able to deal with the issue in better way.This study is mainly divided into two directions, one is from the Human rights protection to explore the issue of detention camps, and the other is from the National security angle to see the need of detention camps; first from the Human rights protection to discuss issues such as the application of law, excessive torture, forced feeding and medical information disclosure, And then to explore the value of the detention camp itself from the angle of national security, to discuss the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in the war on the status and necessity.In conclusion, this research present four finding, First, the need for a set of criteria for detention under the war on terror. Second, the difficulty of resolving hidden terrorist and human rights guarantees. Third, reducing the risk of known terrorist attacks. Fourth, the cost and limited on detention camp. As Guantanamo Bay detention camp an example, when face with detention of terrorist issues, Taiwan can further make appropriate disposal to reduce unnecessary sacrifice and difficult.
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