|Abstract: ||「一帶一路」(One Belt and One Road)指的是「絲綢之路經濟帶」及「21世紀海上絲綢之路」，此戰略是中國大陸領導人習近平於2013年提出之跨國區域經濟合作構想。希望透過此一國家戰略，使中國影響力能夠貫穿亞歐非大陸，建構連結東亞及歐洲經濟圈的共同體。「海上絲綢之路」是中國大陸要延續中國古代海上絲綢之路精神的傳承；但另一方面，則是希望藉由區域經貿、外交及文化合作，以連結和深化沿線國家的關係，以利中國大陸成為「海洋強國」的目標。另因應美國重返亞太戰略所形成的戰略包圍，亦有向西突破的深層意義。由於臺灣正處在「海上絲綢之路」的核心位置，因此對於中國大陸的「海上絲綢之路」戰略有必要加以關注及分析。我國為以出口導向的海島型經濟體，持續推展單邊、雙邊、多邊貿易、自由貿易區、兩岸經濟合作架構協議等區域經濟整合型態，然而從2015年2月起至2016年4月，出口已呈現連續第15個月負增長，因此藉本文分析「21世紀海上絲綢之路」與我國可能的發展，建立兩岸彼此都能接受、適宜的合作模式，並以取其利避其害為要旨，改善我國目前部分的經濟困境，除了持續維持兩岸和平現狀外，應善用地緣優勢的經貿地位，使臺灣融入區域貿易組織的態勢中，掌握商機，藉以創造臺灣利益。|
" One Belt and One Road " refers to the " Silk Road Economic Belt " and " 21st Century Maritime Silk Road " , this grand strategy and regional economic cooperation concept is put forward by the president of People`s Republic Of China (PROC) Xi Jinping in 2013 . By this national grand strategy , China can influence throughout include the Asia, Europe and Africa continents , East Asia and the European Community Construction link economic circle ." Maritime Silk Road " is the mainland china to perpetuate the spirit of Chinese ancient maritime Silk Road heritage ; but on the other hand , it is hoped by regional economic , diplomatic and cultural cooperation , and deepen relations with countries along the link , in order to facilitate mainland china has become the " maritime power " goals. Another deep meaning in response to the US Asia-Pacific strategy to return the strategic encirclement formed , also west breakthrough . Since Taiwan is at the heart of the " Maritime Silk Road " , so the " Maritime Silk Road " strategy is essential for Taiwan. .Our island is export -oriented economies , continued to forward the unilateral, bilateral, multilateral trade , free trade , cross-strait economic cooperation framework agreement and other regional economic integration patterns , but from February 2015 until April 2016 , exports have been presented for 15 consecutive months of negative growth , and therefore by the paper analysiss the possible development of " 21st century maritime Silk Road " , the both sides can establish a mutually acceptable and appropriate mode of cooperation, and to avoid the harm whichever benefit is the gist improvement of the economic difficulties currently part of , in addition to continuing to maintain the status quo of cross-strait peace , but should make good use of the geographic advantage of trade and economic status , making Taiwan into the trend of regional trade organization , to grasp business opportunities , in order to create and increase Taiwan's national core interests .