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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ccur.lib.ccu.edu.tw/handle/A095B0000Q/184

    Title: 從Kerry Longhurst戰略文化觀點 論台灣戰略文化的演變(1988?-2016年);The Evolution of Taiwan’s Strategic Culture, 1988-2016: A Perspective of Kerry Longhurst’s Work
    Authors: 劉昱呈;Liu, Yu-Cheng
    Contributors: 戰略暨國際事務研究所
    Keywords: 台美關係;兩岸關係;戰略行為;戰略文化;Taiwan-US Relations;Cross-Strait Relations;Strategic Behavior;Strategic Culture
    Date: 2018
    Issue Date: 2019-05-23 13:35:39 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 戰略暨國際事務研究所
    Abstract:   根據結構現實主義的命題,台灣的外在行為必然受到客觀和物質的國際結構制約。本文通過對文獻的調查,證實外部環境對台灣軍事戰略產生的影響,即中美之間的大國競爭,發揮了關鍵的作用。然而這個說法並無法解釋,在不斷的結構性限制下,為什麼台灣在1988年到2016年期間的戰略行為表現出相當大的差異。因此,需要深入探討的是,什麼可以解釋台灣在不同領導人下對戰略行為的制訂?以及如何解釋其變化和連續性?  本文採用Kerry Longhurst的戰略文化分析架構,從李登輝總統時期國家統一思想的指導,到陳水扁總統時期「一邊一國」的觀念,再到馬英九總統時期九二共識的觀點,調查台灣的戰略行為。利用Kerry Lonhurst提出的三個元素來考察國家戰略文化,即基礎成份、安全政策和常規實踐。本文發現它們可以同時解釋台灣戰略的重大差異,以及這三位領導人的行為,還有貫穿於不同政黨和意識形態的核心信念。  本文的研究成果能說明台灣國家戰略的制定模式,並可同時在結構現實主義的命題下,進一步預測台灣未來戰略行為的範圍。
    According to Structural Realism, Taiwan’s external behavior is necessarily constrained by the international structure that is objective and material. Through surveying the literature, this thesis demonstrates that the external environment, i.e. the great power rivalry between the US and China, does play a key role in influencing the military strategy of Taiwan. However, this account cannot explain why, under constant structural constraints, Taiwan in the period of 1988-2016 revealed considerable variation in terms of its strategic behavior. A more profound issue hence is, what may explain the making of Taiwan’s strategic behavior under different leaderships? How do explain the changes as well as the continuities? Adopting the analytic framework developed by Kerry Longhurst, this thesis investigates Taiwan’s strategic behavior from President Lee Teng-hui’s Guidelines for National Unification, to President Chen Shui-bian’s notion of “One Country on Each Side,” and to President Ma Ying-jeou’s emphasis on the so-called “1992 Consensus.” With the three factors Longhurst puts forth to examine a state’s strategic culture, i.e. foundational elements, security policy standpoints, and regulatory practices, this thesis finds that they can explain simultaneously the significant differences of Taiwan’s strategic behavior under these three leaders, as well as detect some core beliefs that run through different political parties and ideologies. The findings of the thesis provide a better account of the patterns of how national strategies are made in Taiwan. In addition, and in parallel to Structural Realism, the thesis also delimits the scope in which Taiwan’s future strategic behavior may be drawn.
    Appears in Collections:[戰略暨國際事務研究所] 學位論文

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