|Abstract: ||台灣獨立運動至今已過70年，在國民黨重新執政後，各項錯誤施政的交互影響，導致民眾對於政府的不滿日與遽增，而台獨政治主張在當前的社會情勢下，結合了民生、社會、經濟的政策論述，使原先早已褪色的台獨理念有了新的內涵和價值，民眾在意識形態的選擇上也逐漸偏向台灣獨立，然而台灣獨立事實上卻面臨了國內政治和國際政治雙重層面的阻礙。 本研究採取了文獻分析法和歷史研究法，在內容方面分為三個部份，首先從歷史層面切入，回顧了台獨運動從二二八事件後至今的發展，並以《台獨黨綱》作為台獨定義的依據。其次，探究了民進黨因現實考量逐漸偏離台獨路線，黨內反對台獨或要求廢除《台獨黨綱》的聲音也正在發酵。同時反台獨政黨本身國家主權觀與《台獨黨綱》相衝突，在國內所擁有的民意基礎也對實現台獨造成不利影響。此外，民眾主張台獨的比例甚高，但經由各項民調交叉比對分析可見，民眾實際上並未釐清統獨概念。最後，中美兩國在對台政策的引導下，首先，中國透過軍事和經濟阻礙台獨的進程。美國方面則基於本身的安全利益和經濟利益對於台獨抱持不支持的態度。 台灣獨立作為人民意識形態的選擇，在實踐的道路上，絕非只是透過情感的驅使以及回顧歷史的過錯就可達成，如何面對眼前的現實，並透過策略和規劃，促使台獨運動能夠向前邁進，乃支持台獨的民眾及主張台獨的政黨所必須嚴肅面對的課題。|
The Taiwan independence movement has been seventy years. After the KMT returned to power, the interaction of various wrong governances has led to a sharp rise in public’s dissatisfaction with the government. However, the political view of Taiwan independence combines the policies of the people’s livelihood, the society and the economy under the current social situation. It brings new meaning and value to the original concept of Taiwan independence. Although public tend to favor Taiwan independence, the Taiwan independence claim is facing obstructions from both domestic politics and international politics.This study adopts the literature analysis method and the historical research method, and it is divided into three parts in terms of the content. First of all, from the historical perspective, this study reviewed the development of the Taiwan independence movement since the February 28 Incident, and took Taiwan Independence Party Platform as a basis of the definition of Taiwan independence. Secondly, we studied how the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) starry from Taiwan independence due to practical considerations. Also, the voice from DPP that against Taiwan independence or the abolition of the "Taiwan independence party Platform" was rising. At the same time, the anti-independence party's own national sovereignty view is against the Taiwan Independence Party Platform, and the public opinion of anti-independence party also has a negative impact on the achievement of Taiwan independence. In addition, the percentage of people advocating Taiwan independence are very high. However, through the cross-comparison analysis of various polls, it shows that the people do not actually understand the concept of independence and unification. Finally, due to the direction of Taiwan policy, China is impeding the process of Taiwan independence through military and economic activities. The United States has an unsupported attitude toward Taiwan independence based on its own security interests and economic interests.On the road to achieving Taiwan Independence as a choice of people’s ideology, just an emotional drive and a retrospective of history are not enough. Learning how to face the reality, and through the strategy and planning, we can push the Taiwan independence movement to move forward. These are the subjects that people and parties who favor Taiwan Independence have to face seriously.